Alicia Graf Mack was about 10 years outdated the primary time docs needed to drain fluid from her knee. It could be greater than a decade of ache, surgical procedures, and time stolen from her profession as an expert dancer earlier than she lastly discovered the trigger: ankylosing spondylitis (AS), an immune system situation that’s a type of arthritis.

Some days, her knees would swell up like a grapefruit. It was laborious simply to stroll. To carry out in pointe sneakers was out of the query. 

“There’s no manner I’ll be a dancer anymore,” Graf Mack says she as soon as thought.

Now the dean and director of the Dance Division at The Juilliard Faculty – and the primary Black individual and the youngest individual to carry that position – Graf Mack says AS has formed her life in shocking methods. And he or she has recommendation to assist different individuals get identified sooner and handle it.

As a teen within the Dance Theatre of Harlem, Graf Mack had signs that had been simple to dismiss. “I used to be coaching like an Olympic athlete, so that you count on aches and pains,” she says. “Most dancers have that day-after-day.”

However her signs acquired worse. Even after surgical procedure and rehab for a small knee cartilage tear, the ache didn’t give up. She couldn’t even stroll to the subway to go to follow-up visits. 

“For six months or so after the surgical procedure, nobody may give me any solutions,” Graf Mack says. “My complete dream for my life was wrapped up within the well being of my physique. I actually hit all-time low.”

She reached out to her cousin, Jonathan Graf, MD, a rheumatology professor on the College of California San Francisco. He reviewed her medical data, concluded that she had reactive arthritis, and prescribed anti-inflammatory medicine. 

Graf Mack’s knee swelling started to ease. However over time, extra issues adopted. She consulted knee and ankle specialists, had extra operations, and did bodily remedy consistently.

With a particularly demanding bodily profession looking of attain, Graf Mack began to think about a distinct life. She enrolled at Columbia College, aiming for a profession in arts administration. She stored going to PT and taking medicine. She was even capable of be a part of a student-led reward dance ministry. By senior yr, she was sturdy sufficient to be again in classical dance courses simply because she beloved it.

With a company job on the horizon, she had one final summer time free after school. She reached out to New York’s Complexions Modern Ballet, hoping for a summer time job in arts administration or advertising. 

However the founders of Complexions, dance icons Dwight Rhoden and Desmond Richardson, had one other concept. “We hear you’re dancing once more,” they informed her. “We’ve a tour of Italy this summer time, and one in all our dancers is injured. Are you able to come again?” 

Graf Mack was apprehensive. She hadn’t danced full-time or carried out in a very long time. But it surely is likely to be her final probability. 

“I mentioned, ‘I’m going to be doing a desk job for the remainder of my life. Let me do that.’ ”

Graf Mack ditched the company path and danced for famed corporations together with the Dance Theatre of Harlem, the San Francisco-based Alonzo King LINES Ballet, and Alvin Ailey. 

In the meantime, she nonetheless had her continual situation, which she nonetheless thought was reactive arthritis. She remembers switching to a brand new disease-modifying antirheumatic drug, or DMARD, known as adalimumab (Humira), when it got here available on the market in 2003 – and the challenges that got here with it.

“I had to determine methods to journey with the syringes, retaining them chilly throughout 18-hour worldwide journey days, discovering out which accommodations had fridges in them, making certain that drugs had been shipped to accommodations on the proper schedule,” she says. “That was choreography in itself!”

Blurry imaginative and prescient, together with ache and redness in her eyes, was how Graf Mack discovered that she had AS.

Her eye downside was uveitis, an inflammatory situation. Graf Mack’s rheumatologist informed her that uveitis pointed towards AS. It’s frequent in individuals with AS, however not in these with reactive arthritis, Caplan says.

Her docs acquired the uveitis underneath management, and Graf Mack was capable of preserve dancing as a professional. 

“I had one other 5 or 6 extra years of dancing, a blessing that I by no means anticipated would occur,” she says. 

After yet one more knee surgical procedure, she moved to St. Louis along with her now-husband, Kirby Mack, to get a grasp’s diploma in arts administration. 

She would nonetheless carry out and even returned to Alvin Ailey for 3 extra years. She lastly retired in 2014 after surgical procedure for a herniated disk. She’s since develop into a mother to a son and daughter, the host of a dance podcast known as Transferring Moments, and the founding father of a complete wellness program for younger dancers at Juilliard. 

“I’m nonetheless taking Humira, with a spherical of prednisone on occasion for flare-ups,” she says. Though her again and hips are “actually stiff most days,” she stays very lively and nonetheless performs every so often. 

“I contemplate myself tremendous blessed as a result of I do know so many individuals with AS are in an excessive quantity of ache,” Graf Mack says. In hindsight, with out AS, “I by no means would have found my love for educating or realized that I wished to work in a college setting,” she says. “It’s unusual, however I by no means would have had such a full life if I hadn’t been stopped in my tracks by my physique.”

Graf Mack has this recommendation for individuals dealing with an AS analysis:

Discover a supportive physician. “At first, I used to be seeing docs who didn’t totally consider me, and that made it a lot tougher,” she says. “With this illness, flare-ups can occur at any time and might get dangerous quick, and you must have a health care provider who will be reached rapidly and never make you wait 3 months for an appointment.”

Handle it sooner or later at a time. “This can be a situation that isn’t going to go away,” Graf Mack says. “You must be proactive in taking cost of your situation and dealing along with your physician and different members of your care crew. Discover an incredible physician and take it day-to-day.”

Be affected person with your self. “Some days are going to be actually dangerous,” she says. “I’d permit myself that. ‘Right now is a foul day. I’m going to permit myself to be offended and cry and do all of the issues. However that’s all I get, and tomorrow I’m going to rise up and do one thing that makes me really feel good.’ ”



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